NutraKey Raspberry Ketones
A new raspberry ketone product has entered the supplement arena: NutraKey Raspberry Ketones.
Ever since Doctor Oz promoted raspberry ketones on his television talk show, there has been debate among supplement users about whether raspberry ketones are effective for weight loss.
NutraKey Raspberry Ketones doesn’t include any other ingredients, meaning it relies solely on raspberry ketones to deliver weight loss results.
I wanted to know how effective we can expect this product to be, so I looked at the clinical research.
Are Raspberry Ketones Effective?
Raspberry ketones are commonly used as a fragrance in foods and cosmetics. In recent years, new research has emerged suggesting ketones influence metabolism and weight loss.
A Korean study shows raspberry ketones influence the expression of adiponectin, a protein hormone produced and secreted inside fat cells. Adiponectin is responsible for regulating lipid metabolism and fat breakdown. The study shows adiponectin significantly increases fat oxidation and suppresses fat accumulation, especially in 3T3-LI adipocytes. 
A study performed in Japan shows raspberry ketone boosts norepinephrine-induced lipolysis in white adipocytes, which supports results of the Korean study. It also significantly reduced liver fat and visceral adipose tissue. Researchers conclude “raspberry ketone prevents and improves obesity and fatty liver.” 
Keep in mind the Korean study was conducted using test tube reactions, and the Japanese study used rodents as test subjects. The health and fitness industry eagerly awaits human clinical trials supporting raspberry ketone for weight loss.
How To Use This Product
Each serving (1 capsule) of NutraKey Raspberry Ketones provides 125 mg pure raspberry ketone. You may take 1-3 capsules per day depending on preference. Never exceed 3 capsules.
The best time to dose is in the morning and mid-day before lunch. If you plan on exercising, take a dose 1 hour prior to beginning a workout.
For best results, use this product for at least 1 month. Also, drink at least 64 oz. water daily to maximize absorption.
Any Health Concerns?
So far, there isn’t enough research to confidently determine potential side effects of NutraKey Raspberry Ketones.
However, there is a concern for over-stimulation. While raspberry ketone isn’t technically a stimulant, its chemical structure is similar to synephrine, a stimulant alternative to the banned substance ephedrine. 
Mixing raspberry ketones with other stimulants such as caffeine might induce symptoms such as jitteriness, raised blood pressure, and rapid heartbeat. In one report, raspberry ketone caused shakiness and heart palpitations, but this isn’t common. 
Considering the limited research around raspberry ketones, monitor your body while using this supplement. If you experience unusual side effects, immediately stop use and consult a doctor.
Unfortunately, customer reviews are limited. However, the existing reviews generally seem to favor NutraKey Raspberry Ketones, although many customers reported it took several weeks to see results.
“Wasn’t all that impressed at first, but I figured since I already bought it I might as well keep taking it. Then around the second week, WOW, it was like somebody flipped a switch. All I can say is if you don’t see immediate results don’t give up on these. I think they have to build up in your system because I felt a huge increase in energy and felt like my metabolism picked up after a week or two.” – rockangel, TheNutraKey.com.
“The first few days nothing happened. Then on about day four or five I began to notice I had some more energy and less of an appetite. Just started my second bottle. Have been taking this for a month now and have lost a total of 8 pounds without working out or dieting.” – Juztsacki, Amazon.com
NutraKey Raspberry Ketone is offered for $28 on TheNutraKey.com. However, I would avoid the official site as many online retailers sell it for much less.
While there are many vendors that sell this product for under $15, my personal favorite is eSupplements.com . This company offers NutraKey Raspberry Ketone for $9.99, one of the best prices available.
This seller also provides a decent product return policy and maintains a knowledgeable customer support staff in case you run into any problems.
Should You Try NutraKey Raspberry Ketones?
NutraKey Raspberry Ketones appears to be a quality supplement comprised of pure raspberry ketone. Even though more research needs to be done to prove raspberry ketone’s effectiveness, customers who reviewed this product seemed happy with the results.
Based on the low price alone, this product is worth trying. This product shouldn’t cause any side effects as long as you limit caffeine and stimulant intake while taking it. If you buy from eSupplements.com, you can return the product if it doesn’t work.
 Kyoung Sik Park. “Raspberry Ketone Increases Both Lipolysis and Fatty Acid Oxidation in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes.” Planta Med 2010; 76: 1654-1658. Available from: http://www.radiantnutra.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/Raspberry-ketone-increases-both-lipolysis-and-fatty-acid-oxidation-in-3T3-L1-adipocytes.pdf
 Chie Morimoto, Yurie Satoh, Mariko Hara, Shintaro Inoue, Takahiro Tsujita, Hiromichi Okuda. “Anti-obese action of raspberry ketone.” Life Sciences. Volume 77, Issue 2, 27 May 2005, pages 194-204. Available from: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0024320505001281
 “Raspberry Ketone.” WebMD.com. Available from: http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-1262-RASPBERRY%20KETONE.aspx?activeIngredientId=1262&activeIngredientName=RASPBERRY%20KETONE
Cellusyn Green Coffee Bean Extract
Cellusyn Labs recently introduced Green Coffee Bean Extract, a weight loss supplement designed to induce rapid weight loss without causing harmful side effects.
Doctor Oz has promoted green coffee bean extracts for weight loss on his famous TV talk show. He gives 3 guidelines for choosing a quality extract: it must contain at least 45% chlorogenic acid, the recommended dose must be at least 1200 mg daily, and it must not contain fillers, binders, or additional ingredients.
Cellusyn Green Coffee Bean Extract was formulated to comply with Dr. Oz’s standards of quality and effectiveness. Although it’s been called “the magic weight loss cure for every body type,” is green coffee bean appropriate for everyone?
Usage and Safety
Cellusyn Green Coffee Bean Extract is meant to be taken 2 times a day, once before breakfast and again before lunch with 8-12 oz. water.
For weight loss, experts recommend taking 700-1050 mg green coffee bean extract per day. Each Cellusyn Green Coffee Bean Extract capsule contains 800 mg, providing a daily dose of 1600 mg. This is an adequate dose for stimulating weight loss.
Researchers haven’t witnessed adverse side effects, even at high doses. However, scientists note people with caffeine sensitivity might experience symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, nervousness, stomach upset, and increased heart rate.
Fortunately, reactions to caffeine are unlikely; Cellusyn Green Coffee Bean Extract contains approximately 20 mg caffeine per serving, which is only 20% the amount found in 1 cup of coffee. Decrease dosage to 1 capsule a day if you feel overstimulated by the caffeine content.
Green Coffee Bean and Weight Loss
Cellusyn Green Coffee Bean Extract contains 51.2% chlorogenic acid, the primary ingredient thought to induce weight loss. Chlorogenic acid has proven in several clinical studies to promote weight loss and boost overall health.
Some clinically-proven weight loss benefits are:
• Improves lipid metabolism
• Lowers cholesterol
• Decreases blood triglycerides
• Reduces liver fat
• Enhances glucose tolerance
• Optimizes mineral pool distribution
• Cuts visceral fat
• Inhibits fat absorption and accumulation 
One study shows subjects given 1050 mg daily for 22 weeks were able to lose an average of 17 lbs. and reduced body fat by 16%. Even better, subjects were asked not to change dietary or exercise habits during the course of the study, meaning weight loss was entirely contributed to green coffee bean. 
Best Purchasing Options
Cellusyn Green Coffee Bean Extract is sold through eSupplements.com ($37.95) and Supplementing.com ($38.95). It can also be purchased from the official site at Cellusyn.com.
The official website offers 3 different purchasing options, ranging from $39.95 for the cheapest option to $99.95 for the most expensive. Your purchase is protected by a “90-day hassle-free 100% money back guarantee,” meaning you can return the product for a full refund if you don’t like it.
Contact Cellusyn customer service at 866-478-7240 for information on product returns.
Is Cellusyn Green Coffee Bean Extract Worth It?
Cellusyn Blows away the competition with their low price and high quality. Don’t be fooled by cheap products that offer lower quantities and lower quality. Cellusyn has the both the highest quality and value. It is a safe and effective supplement proven to work in numerous studies. For most people, this is the ideal weight loss supplement because it’s all-natural and won’t cause adverse side effects.
Buying from the official website ensures you’re protected by a 90-day money back guarantee, so you have nothing to lose when trying this product for the first time. If you’re looking for a natural supplement that inhibits fat accumulation and promotes weight loss, Cellusyn Green Coffee Bean Extract may be what you need.
 “The Truth About Green Coffee Bean Extract.” Cellusyn.com. Available from: http://www.cellusyn.com/green-coffee-bean/#scrollBuy
 “Green Coffee.” WebMD.com. Available from: http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-1264-GREEN%20COFFEE.aspx?activeIngredientId=1264&activeIngredientName=GREEN%20COFFEE
 “Q: How much caffeine is in green coffee bean supplements?” ShareCare.com. Available from: http://www.sharecare.com/health/dietary-supplements/how-much-caffeine-green-coffee-bean
 Delcy V Rodriguez de Sotillo and M Hadley. “Chlorogenic acid modifies plasma and liver concentrations of: cholesterol, triacylglycerol, and minerals in (fa/fa) Zucker rats.” The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry. Volume 13, Issue 12, December 2002, pages 717-726. Available from: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0955286302002310
 Hiroshi Shimoda, Emi Seki, and Michio Aitani. “Inhibitory effect of green coffee bean extract on fat accumulation and body weight gain in mice.” BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2006, 6:9. Available from: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6882/6/9?fmt_math=yes&fmt_math_check=on
 “Green Coffee Beans May Aid Weight Loss.” WebMD.com. Available from: http://www.webmd.com/diet/news/20120328/green-coffee-beans-may-aid-weight-loss
What to Eat to Lose Weight
What to Eat to Lose Weight
For men, trying to lose weight is no picnic. In fact, looking at the typical diet plan, you’d think you might never attend a picnic again!
In reality, though, “diet foods” don’t have to be boring. Filling, nutritionally-dense foods are what to aim for when trying to lose weight.
Here is a guide on what to eat to lose weight. You may be surprised to find some of your favorite foods on the list.
- Fruits and Vegetables
- Whole Grains
Protein is an important part of a weight loss diet because it keeps you full and prevents overeating. In fact, a high protein, low carb diet has helped subjects lose weight in controlled studies.  Many men also appreciate that protein helps muscles grow.
Here are some of the best protein sources for weight loss:
Fish. Fish are high in omega-3 fatty acids, which promote satiety and weight loss. 
In a study, people who incorporated a daily fish meal in their diet improved glucose-insulin metabolism, or the processing of sugars to produce energy (poor glucose-insulin metabolism leads to insulin resistance and weight gain). 
Salmon and halibut are good fish choices for weight loss.
Beans. Beans are high in fiber and slowly digested, helping you stay full longer. Beans are also a unique protein source because they contain phytochemicals, which aren’t found in meat; certain phytochemicals are high in disease-fighting antioxidants.
Small red beans, red kidney beans, and pinto beans are especially high in antioxidants. 
Lean Meat. You want to be careful to select lean meats, since meats high in fat and cholesterol promote weight gain. Lean meat is defined by the FDA as meats with less than 10 g fat, 4.5 g saturated fat, and 95 mg cholesterol. 
Look for “extra lean” labels, and choose poultry over beef as much as possible.
Fruits and Vegetables
You know fruits and vegetables are good for you, but were you aware of their importance in a weight loss diet?
Many fruits and vegetables are high in fiber, which promotes satiety. They are also full of nutrients, so the calories you take in are readily used by the body and do not become excess fat.
Put some of these fruits and veggies on your plate:
Berries. Besides being high in antioxidants, berries are packed with nutrients that help weight loss.
Strawberries, for example, may reduce blood sugar and insulin levels after meals. Raspberries are high in fiber, and blueberries have lowered belly fat in rat studies. 
As a plus for men, many berries contain resveratrol, which keeps testosterone levels stable.
Avocados. Avocados contain monounsaturated fat, which is a positive force for weight loss.
In fact, in one study, a diet high in monounsaturated fat lowered fat distribution in the stomach area and prevented insulin resistance, a condition that causes weight gain. 
Spinach. Besides its great source of nutrients, spinach also contains nitrate, which improves muscle tone. 
With exercise and a healthy diet, this could lead to better lean muscle mass, meaning less fat and more muscle.
Whole grains—in contrast to processed refined grains low in nutrients—are rich in vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Choosing whole grains instead of refined carbohydrates can help you get the most out of your daily calories.
Check out some of the best whole grains for weight loss:
Quinoa. A seed classified with whole grains, quinoa is prepared like rice or barley. It contains many weight-loss promoting components, such as protein and healthy fats.
In fact, it has the highest protein content of all whole grains and contains all 9 essential amino acids (which is great for muscle growth). 
Oatmeal. Oatmeal is slow to digest, meaning it keeps you satiated for a long time.
Steel-cut oats and rolled oats are healthier than the precooked variety as they are higher in protein and fiber and don’t contain added sugar. 
Brown Rice. In contrast to white rice, brown rice is high in fiber. Most importantly, brown rice is filling despite being low in calories. 
Dairy foods are high in calcium, which is an important part of a weight loss diet. In a study, increasing calcium intake accelerated fat loss, particularly in the stomach area. 
But, some dairy foods can be fattening. Here are the dairy foods you should focus on:
Yogurt. Yogurt is high in calcium and protein, yet low in fat and calories.
Both Greek and regular yogurt are good for different reasons: Greek yogurt has double the protein of regular yogurt, but regular yogurt has three times the calcium. 
Low-fat Milk. Did you know swapping a cup of whole milk for fat-free milk saves you about 190 calories?
Milk can be included in a weight loss plan, but drinking too much fatty milk adds unneeded fat and calories.
Kefir. This cultured milk drink has similar health and weight loss benefits to yogurt, plus some extras.
Like yogurt, it’s great for weight loss because it’s high in protein yet low in calories.
Furthermore, kefir has three times the probiotics yogurt does, meaning it slows bacteria growth in the stomach and could treat digestive problems. 
What to Eat to Lose Weight
If you’re wondering what to eat to lose weight, you’ll find that these foods give you a great start on your road to weight loss. Remember, to lose weight and keep it off, you need a balanced diet with a variety of healthy nutrients. You should also do cardio exercise and weight training.
If you want an extra boost, try a diet pill. Diet pills contain natural metabolism-boosting and appetite-reducing ingredients that can support a healthy diet and exercise. A list of the best diet pills for men can be found here.
 Donald K. Layman et al. “A Reduced Ratio of Dietary Carbohydrate to Protein Improves Body Composition and Blood Lipid Profiles during Weight Loss in Adult Women.” J. Nutr. 2003; 133 (2): 411-417. Available from: http://jn.nutrition.org/content/133/2/411.short
 Dolores Parra et al. “A diet rich in long chain omega-3 fatty acids modulates satiety in overweight and obese volunteers during weight loss.” Appetite. 2008; 51 (3): 676-680. Available from: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0195666308004972
 Trevor A. Mori et al. “Dietary fish as a major component of a weight-loss diet: effect on serum lipids, glucose, and insulin metabolism in overweight hypertensive subjects.” Am J Clin Nutr. 1999; 70 (5): 817-825. Available from: http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/70/5/817.short
 Jenny Stamos Kovacs. “Beans: Protein-Rich Superfoods.” Available from: http://www.webmd.com/diet/features/beans-protein-rich-superfoods
 “Guidance for Industry: A Food Labeling Guide.” Available from: http://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceRegulation/GuidanceDocumentsRegulatoryInformation/LabelingNutrition/ucm064916.htm
 Cynthia Sass. “Summer’s Secret Weight Loss Weapon.” Available from: http://www.shape.com/blogs/weight-loss-coach/summers-secret-weight-loss-weapon
 J.A. Paniagua et al. “Monounsaturated Fat–Rich Diet Prevents Central Body Fat Distribution and Decreases Postprandial Adiponectin Expression Induced by a Carbohydrate-Rich Diet in Insulin-Resistant Subjects.” Diabetes Care. 2007; 30 (7): 1717-1723. Available from: http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/30/7/1717.short
 “Popeye is right: spinach makes you stronger, study shows.” Available from: http://www.nydailynews.com/life-style/health/popeye-spinach-stronger-study-shows-article-1.1102606
 Jolinda Hackett. “What is quinoa? Definition of Quinoa and Quinoa Recipes.” Available from: http://vegetarian.about.com/od/glossary/g/whatisquinoa.htm
 “5 Things You Need to Know About Oatmeal.” Available from: http://www.muscleandfitness.com/nutrition/gain-mass/five-things-you-need-know-about-oatmeal
 “Best Superfoods for Weight Loss.” Available from: http://www.health.com/health/gallery/0,,20475957_8,00.html
 Michael B. Zemel et al. “Calcium and Dairy Acceleration of Weight and Fat Loss during Energy Restriction in Obese Adults.” Obesity Research. 2004; 12 (4): 582-590. Available from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1038/oby.2004.67/full
 “Yogurt Smackdown: Greek vs. Regular.” Available from: http://www.fitday.com/fitness-articles/fitness/yogurt-smackdown-greek-vs-regular.html#b
 “Kefir Benefits: 12 Things to Know About This Yogurt-Like Food.” Available from: http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2013/09/12/kefir-benefits_n_3914818.html?just_reloaded=1
How to Suppress Appetite
How to Suppress Appetite – Keys to Eating Less
Diets often leave dieters hungry and miserable.
If you’re used to a high-fat, high-sugar, or high-volume diet, cutting down on calories feels like the edge of starvation.
Fortunately, these tips can help you through the cravings for how to suppress appetite and on your way to weight loss glory!
- Slow Down When You Eat
- Get Your Protein in the Morning
- Fiber Feels You Up
- Green Tea Does Make a Difference
- Get Your Vinegar
- You Know Water Makes a Difference
For More Help Limiting Your Appetite: See the Top Diet Pills at DietPillUniverse.com
It takes a while for your brain to realize you’re full.
Those who take longer to eat meals tend to eat less, which makes them thinner on average than those who eat faster. One Japanese study found people who ate slowly ate fewer calories per meal than those who ate quickly.
Pick Protein for Breakfast
Eating a healthy breakfast with lean proteins increases your chances of losing weight.
Protein takes longer to digest, so it keeps you fuller longer. By starting your day satisfied, you’ll be less likely to reach for high-calorie snacks throughout the day. 
Choose High Fiber Snacks
When you do get hungry between meals, set aside snacks full of empty carbs and calories and grab a whole fruit or vegetable.
Fruits and vegetables are full of soluble and insoluble fibers, which simultaneously slide through your digestive tract quickly (increasing your metabolism) and leave you feeling fuller longer. They are also full of vitamins and minerals that will have you feeling healthier.
Use Green Tea Supplements
Green tea contains an antioxidant called EGCG (epigallocatechin gallate), which increases feelings of fullness.
It also breaks down glycogen and uses it as energy rather than storing it as fat.  Furthermore, studies show green tea supplements that also contain caffeine burn fat at a faster rate. Subjects in one study lost as much as 17 pounds in 4 weeks when they took green tea supplements. 
Not only is vinaigrette a healthier salad dressing than cream-based dressings, but it also has appetite suppressing qualities. In one study, participants mixed 30 ml apple cider vinegar with 200 ml water and drank it before meals.
These people experienced slower stomach emptying than those who did not. They stayed fuller longer, leading to less overeating later in the day. 
Water is the ultimate appetite suppressor. To keep from eating too much during meals or snacks, first swallow an 8-ounce glass of water. Dehydration often disguises itself as hunger, so sometimes drinking water reduces hunger pains.
 In addition, a study shows people who drank water before a meal ate between 75 and 90 fewer calories than those who didn’t have water. The liquid fills space in your stomach and leaves less room for fattening foods. 
 Zelman, Kathleen. “Slow down, you eat too fast.” WebMD. Available from: http://www.webmd.com/diet/features/slow-down-you-eat-too-fast
 Allyn, Matt. “Drop weight and your cravings.” Bicycling.com. Available from: http://www.bicycling.com/training-nutrition/nutrition-weight-loss/drop-weight-and-your-cravings
 Scalbert A, Johnson IT, Saltmarsh M. “Polyphenols: antioxidants and beyond.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Jan 2005; 81(1):2155-2175. Available from: http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/81/1/215S.full
 Westerterp-Plantenga MS, Lejeune MP, Kovacs EM. “Body weight loss and weight maintenance in relation to habitual caffeine intake and green tea supplementation.” Obesity Research. Jul 2005; 13(7):1195-204. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16076989
 Hlebowicz J, Darwiche G, Bjorgell O, Almer LO. “Effect of apple cider vinegar on delayed gastric emptying in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus: a pilot study.” BMC Gastroenterology. 2007; 7:46. Available from: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-230X/7/46
 Mannino, Brynn. “10 Reasons Your Body Thinks It’s Hungry.” Woman’s Day. Available from: http://www.womansday.com/health-fitness/diet-weight-loss/10-reasons-your-body-thinks-its-hungry-113335
 Walters, Jennipher. “Top 25 Natural Appetite Suppressants.” Shape magazine. Available from: http://www.shape.com/healthy-eating/diet-tips/top-25-natural-appetite-suppressants/slide/8
How to Slim Down Fast
How to Slim Down Fast
You may have suddenly found a compelling reason to lose weight quickly, like fitting into a bikini for a spontaneous beach-getaway, or maybe you’ve been trying unsuccessfully for some time and are looking for ways to finally achieve your weight loss goal.
Whatever the reason, here is some diet and exercise information that may be a game changer for your weight loss success.
Swap the Snacks
If you feel peckish after dinner and before bed, choose a small snack with casein protein, a protein that burns fat and aids sleep.   This could be a glass of milk or some whole-wheat crackers with cottage cheese, both of which are packed with casein protein.
Also, many people think of snacks as “spoiling dinner,” but eating a healthy pre-dinner snack helps you feel fuller and avoid eating too much at dinner-time. 
Eat In, Not Out
Studies show weight gain directly relates to how many meals are not homemade.  This is because restaurants commonly serve large, unhealthy portions. So to cut back on calories, swap fast food with home-made meals.
If you have a favorite meal that you normally love ordering, find the recipe and try to make it at home. This enables you to focus on creating the right portions and choosing healthier alternatives to your regular diet, such as a light spaghetti squash dish instead of heavy pasta.
Clean the Pantry
Clean your refrigerator and pantry with the goal of tossing as much refined, processed, and unhealthy foods as possible. Aim to make healthier food replacements at each meal, but if you can’t go without some salty or sweet snacks on hand, stock your pantry with healthier, less processed alternatives.
For example, consider choosing air-popped popcorn and seasoning it yourself instead of microwave popcorn. You can skip loading it with butter and salt and opt for parmesan and herbs. It is full of fiber without the extra calories.
HIIT the Gym
If you have avoided exercise so far, you may think hitting the treadmill is the best option. However, high-intensity interval training (HIIT) can burn considerably more calories than endurance running.  HIIT workouts consist of short bursts of hard exercise followed by slow-paced recovery.
If running or weight lifting isn’t your thing, try a fitness class. Classes like Zumba are all the rage right now, and for good reason; many people report losing considerable weight by participating in this high-intensity dance class.
Socialize to Lose Weight
If you aren’t finding the motivation you need to train hard or eat healthy, find a partner to support you. Studies show exercising with a friend aids weight loss, and one partner’s success is directly tied to the other’s success. So if both are working hard, weight loss and physical improvements are more easily attainable. 
Other people take it even further and capitalize on the motivation social pressure can bring; some groups of 2 or more friends track each other’s eating and exercise habits and stake money on the hope they can earn the most points from their own established rules. The winner takes everyone’s cash, so there is a more incentive than being healthy.
Get a Boost to Lose Slim Down Fast
For many people, they take every step to lose weight and slim down, but nothing seems to make the impact they’re looking for. If you fall into that group, there are supplements and slimming pills that can help.
The top slimming pills like those recommended on eSupplements.com can offer several benefits to enhance your chances of slimming down.
With the right slimming pills, you can increase your energy levels and boost your metabolism while also limiting your appetite. While diet pills aren’t a miracle, users can see better results if they use them in addition to the tips above.
Messaoudi M, et al. Effects of a tryptic hydrolysate from bovine milk alphaS1-casein on hemodynamic responses in healthy human volunteers facing successive mental and physical stress situations. Eur J Nutr. (2005)
Guesdon B, et al. A tryptic hydrolysate from bovine milk alphaS1-casein improves sleep in rats subjected to chronic mild stress. Peptides. (2006)
 “Snacking Can Help You Maintain a Healthy Weight.” Health Encyclopedia. University of Rochester Medical Center. Available from: http://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?ContentTypeID=1&ContentID=3049
 Busch, Sandi. “Will Eating Home Cooked Meals Help You Lose Weight?” SFGate. Available from: http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/eating-home-cooked-meals-lose-weight-6991.html
 Hunter, GR; Weinsier, RL; Bamman, MM; et al. “A role for high intensity exercise on energy balance and weight control.” International Journal of Obesity. 1998. Available from: http://www.carnevalijunior.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/a-role-for-high-intensity-exercise-on-energy-expenditure-balance-and-weigth-control-1998.pdf
Cockcroft, Lucy. “Exercising with a friend ‘helps to lose more weight’.” The Telegraph. 2009. Available from: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/health/healthnews/6438994/Exercising-with-a-friend-helps-to-lose-more-weight.html
Skinny Jeans Workout – The 3-Step Skinny Jean Workout
Ever felt envious of those fashion models wearing skinny jeans? It’s easy to be—after all, they may be your same age and yet have the waistline of a teenager.
But with the 3-Step Skinny Jeans Workout, your dream of donning a pair may not be so elusive. This workout’s muscle conditioning and cardio exercises can put you on the path for being in style and fitting in to those skinny jeans.
You can follow these steps as well as add a diet pill made specifically for women for real results. Let’s take a look at what steps your skinny jeans workout should include.
1. Lower Body Skinny Jeans Workout
According to exercise physiologist Fabio Comana, the “real skinny” on looking great in skinny jeans comes from cardiovascular exercise working the lower extremities. Not only do these activities burn calories but they increase muscle tone as well. 
Certified trainer Malia Frey adds optimal fat burning occurs in fitness routines comprising of high, medium, and low-intensity workouts. This is because the body develops a tolerance to a single intensity over time. 
Lower body exercises are most effective when performed in a circuit—in other words, by performing several workouts one after another with little or no rest. According to experts, circuit workouts keep heart rates high and burn large amounts of calories from the high exertion. 
Some possible lower body circuit workouts include Deadlift, Pile Squat, and Hamstring rolls.  These can be supplemented with more traditional cardio exercises like running or cycling.
However, too much of a good thing can be bad. Comana warns overdoing hill running or steps may build unwanted muscle that makes it difficult for you to fit into those skinny jeans. Additionally, cycling at high gears may harm the knees. 
2. Upper Body Movements to include in your Skinny Jeans Workout
While the jeans may only cover the lower half of your body, don’t forget about the part above. Cutting fat—regardless of where it may be found—is a whole-body process.
“What’s the point of having the perfect butt if you’ve got a ‘muffin top,’ or your arms are saggy?” Louise Chang, M.D., asks. 
ShareItFitness.com co-founder Matt Paley explains upper body anaerobic exercise complements lower body exercises (especially when done in circuit workout fashion). This boosts metabolic conditioning, resulting in an increase of energy, strength, and metabolism and a decrease in body fat. 
To help with your overall physique, add upper body exercises to your routine. Some possible exercises include dumbbell swings (where you grip a dumbbell and swing it from below your legs to above your head) and push-ups.
3. Don’t Forget The Glutes
Working the gluteal muscles, or glutes, plays a key role in toning and shaping that perfect behind. 
Comana recommends lunges and squats as good resistance exercises and gives the following suggestions to improve squat technique:
In doing squats, hold a wooden dowel behind your back, making contact with head, spine, and sacrum. Maintain this contact with the dowel as you squat. Think of pushing your butt backward, rather than driving your knees downward and forward. Practicing this improves form as you work the glutes in other exercise positions, such as the stepping or climbing position. 
Other helpful exercises that work the glutes are the Squat Jack, the Single-Leg Reach, and the Walk Out. 
 Chang, Louise. “The Skinny Jeans Workout.” WebMD. Available from: http://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/features/the-skinny-jeans-workout
 Frey, Malia. “Change Your Body Composition.” About.com. Available from: http://weightloss.about.com/od/exercis1/a/Change-Your-Body-Composition.htm
 “Circuit Training Basics and Benefits.” FitDay.com. Available from: http://www.fitday.com/fitness-articles/fitness/body-building/circuit-training-basics-and-benefits.html
 “Lower Body Circuit Blast.” About.com. Available from: http://exercise.about.com/cs/weightlifting/l/bllowerbody.htm
 Paley, Matt. “Transform Your Body With Metabolic Conditioning.” ShareItFitness.com. Available from: http://blog.shareitfitness.com/2012/metabolic-conditioning/
 Lee, Janet. “The Skinny Jeans Workout.” Shape.com. Available from: http://www.shape.com/fitness/workouts/skinny-jeans-workout
Arnold Iron Cuts
MusclePharm is releasing a new product line endorsed by Arnold Schwarzenegger. Arnold Iron Cut, a 3-in-1 fat metabolizing cutting agent is but one product in this upcoming line estimated to be released September 26, 2013.
Arnold Iron Cuts “contains precise ratios of active ingredients to support optimal levels of testosterone, estrogen, & cortisol to give that HARDER, DRYER, LEANER LOOK!” exclaims one manufacturer advertisement.
But, we know better than to take the manufacturer’s word for it. This review covers everything you need to know about this new fat burning, muscle building supplement.
Is Arnold Iron Cuts Affordable?
One Arnold Iron Cuts bottle provides 30 servings (90 capsules) and will retail for around $29.99 to $34.99. Third party retailers that will sell Arnold Iron Cuts include TigerFitness.com, BodyBuilding.com, eSupplements.com, and GNC.com.
Arnold Iron Cuts is an affordable supplement considering each bottle lasts around 1 month depending on use.
What Is Inside the Capsules?
Arnold Iron Cuts features 3 proprietary blends packed with several ingredients. Ingredient amounts are not provided; this makes it difficult to gauge if each ingredient is effective.
Here is a look at some main ingredients:
Thermogenic & Fat Metabolizer (930 mg)
This amino acid enhances fat loss by optimizing fat oxidation when administered in 3 g for around 10 days. 
The clinical amount is several times more than the entire proprietary blend. Consequently, I think carnitine’s effects in Arnold Iron Cuts aren’t as prominent as the clinical study.
Green Tea (Camellia Sinensis) Leaf Extract
Catechins are a kEmilyingredient in green tea linked to weight loss.
In one study, test subjects were given 690 mg catechins (green tea extract group) or 22 mg catechins (control group). After 12 weeks, researchers noticed body weight, waist circumference, body mass index, and body fat mass were lower in the green tea extract group. 
There may be enough green tea leaf extract in Arnold Iron Cuts to produce similar effects.
This powder caffeine form offers increased energy levels and enhanced athletic performance.
When normal weight subjects supplemented 8 mg/kg caffeine, they experienced higher fatty acid levels which resulted in enhanced fat oxidation. The caffeine increased metabolic rate for 3 hours after administration. 
Depending on users’ weight, caffeine amounts in Arnold Iron Cuts should be enough to optimize fat oxidation.
Muscle Building Maximizer (900 mg)
Maca 4:1 (Lepidium Meyenii) Root Extract
This ingredient is often used to increase sexual drive and optimize athletic endurance. Research shows maca provided ergogenic and sexual benefits when administered in 2,000 mg to male cyclists over a 14-day period. 
Considering this clinical amount is more than the entire Muscle Building Maximizer blend, I don’t think maca’s effects are as noticeable in Arnold Iron Cuts as in the study, but I can’t be sure.
Fenugreek (Trigonella Foenum Graecum) Seed Extract
Fenugreek lowers blood sugar after meals when administered in 10-15 g divided into several doses with meals.  This benefit on blood sugar mediates insulin spikes which may lead to weight gain.
Fenugreek amounts in Arnold Iron Cuts are significantly smaller than the clinical amount.
Estrogen & Cortisol Metabolizer (383 mg)
Medical authorities say depending on circumstances, this ingredient may act like estrogen or blocks its effects. The same medical authorities indicate doses are dependent on age and health conditions. 
Cinnamon (Cinnamomum Cassia) Bark Powder
Cinnamomum cassia produces antiestrogenic effects. Unfortunately, I was unable to find clinically effective dose information. 
How to Optimize Arnold Iron Cuts
According to MusclePharm, Arnold Iron Cuts may be used in two ways.
As a dietary supplement, users should take 1 serving each day with the first meal.
In addition, users undergoing intense training schedules may take 1 serving twice a day. One serving should be taken in the morning with breakfast and the other with lunch.
Don’t take Arnold Iron Cuts too close to bedtime because its caffeine content may result in insomnia or restlessness.
Users may decide to start with smaller doses to assess Arnold Iron Cuts effects. If effects are favorably received, increase dose to recommended amounts.
Also, make sure to drink enough water and stay hydrated.
Is Arnold Iron Cuts Safe?
The company doesn’t list any side effects associated with Arnold Iron Cuts. The site recommends users talk to a physician before taking Arnold Iron Cuts, especially if they are taking over the counter medication, prescriptions, other dietary supplement products, or have high or low blood pressure.
There are side effects associated with caffeine and fenugreek use. These side effects include nausea, vomiting, restlessness, stomach irritation, diarrhea, bloating, swelling, and allergic reactions.  
But, the proprietary blends are all less than 1 g per serving and contain several ingredients. This leads me to believe caffeine and fenugreek amounts are not dangerously excessive.
Is Arnold Iron Cuts a Great Product?
Arnold Iron Cuts features clinically proven ingredients to aid weight loss and enhance endurance. But, whether each ingredient is formulated effectively remains a mystery.
For those sensitive to caffeine, Arnold Iron Cuts may not be the best solution. However, for those more tolerant, this supplement is promising.
I suggest waiting for user reviews to surface before making any purchases. If you do decide to try Arnold Iron Cuts, let us know about your experience in the comments below.
 Klaus D. Wutzke, Henrik Lorenz. “The effect of L-carnitine on fat oxidation, protein turnover, and body composition in slightly overweight subjects.” Metabolism Volume 53, Issue 8, August 2004, Pages 1002-1006. Available from: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0026049504001647
 Nagao T, et al. “Ingestion of a tea rich in catechins leads to a reduction in body fat and malondialdehyde-modified LDL in men.” Am J Clin Nutr. 2005 Jan;81(1):122-9.
 Acheson KJ, et al. “Caffeine and coffee: their influence on metabolic rate and substrate utilization in normal weight and obese individuals.” Am J Clin Nutr. 1980 May;33(5):989-97. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7369170
 Stone M, et al. “A pilot investigation into the effect of maca supplementation on physical activity and sexual desire in sportsmen.” J Ethnopharmacol. 2009 Dec 10;126(3):574-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2009.09.012. Epub 2009 Sep 23. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19781622
 Jonathan Klemens, B.S. Bio, RPh, FAAIM. “Herbs that Lower Blood Sugar.” The online Journal for the American Association of Integrative Medicine.” Available from: http://www.aaimedicine.com/jaaim/sep06/Blood_Sugar.pdf
 “Diindolylmethane.” WebMD. Available from: http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-1049-DIINDOLYLMETHANE.aspx?activeIngredientId=1049&activeIngredientName=DIINDOLYLMETHANE
 Kim IG, et al. “Screening of estrogenic and antiestrogenic activities from medicinal plants.” Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. 2008 Jan;25(1):75-82. doi: 10.1016/j.etap.2007.09.002. Epub 2007 Sep 14. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21783839
 “Caffeine.” WebMD. Available from: http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-979-CAFFEINE.aspx?activeIngredientId=979&activeIngredientName=CAFFEINE
 “Fenugreek.” WebMD. Available from: http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-733-FENUGREEK.aspx?activeIngredientId=733&activeIngredientName=FENUGREEK
Ab Cuts Sleek and Lean Thermo Rise O2
A new edition has been added to the Ab Cuts Sleek and Lean product line: Thermo Rise O2.
Now you can start your day with this morning energy booster intended to reduce fatigue and burn fat while you go about your day. It can also be taken before a workout for increased energy, endurance, and mental alertness.
The Ab Cuts product line was created by Revolution Lifestyle. On RevolutionLifestyle.com, this company claims to make each product with the greatest purity, potency, quality, and research.
Revolution Lifestyle is located in Denver, Colorado, and is one of several companies owned by Corr-Jensen Labs.
Revolution Lifestyle states on its website “while our products deliver revolutionary results, we are committed to safety not sensationalism.” This company is dedicated to offering quality sports nutrition supplements that benefit professional athletes and individuals trying to meet specific health goals.
Corr-Jensen Labs has developed a reputation of producing reliable and safe sports supplements. In 2008, Corr-Jensen was awarded the Rising Star Vendor Award from GNC. The Rising Star award is “awarded to a brand or product that is relatively new to GNC stores and demonstrates excellent sales growth in within a 1-2 year period.” Corr-Jensen has had successful sales and is likely to be around for quite some time.
Getting The Most out Of Thermo Rise O2
Thermo Rise O2 provides instructions for getting the maximum effect on the product label:
In the morning, take 2 soft gel capsules. Allow yourself to assess personal tolerance and monitor your body’s reaction. If the supplement’s effects subside by lunchtime, you may take another 1-2 capsules. If you are still feeling the effects throughout the day, limit dosage to the morning only.
Do not exceed 4 soft gel capsules a day to prevent risk of toxicity.
This product was designed for healthy adults 18 years and older. It is not intended for pregnant or nursing women.
What’s In It?
Thermo Rise O2’s formula is designed to boost metabolism while inducing thermogenic weight loss. The main active ingredients in this formula are listed below.
Conjugated Linoleic Acid (850 mg) has shown in clinical studies to reduce body fat mass without a change in diet or exercise. This study observed the use of conjugated linoleic acid for a period of 1 year and did not report any adverse side effects.
The recommended dose is 1.8-3.4 g per day. Thermo Rise O2 might not contain enough, but it may still offer some benefit.
Green Coffee Bean (150 mg) has shown in one study to help obese patients reach a normal body weight when administered at a dose of 1050 mg daily. Researchers conclude “green coffee bean extract may be an effective nutraceutical in reducing weight in pre-obese adults, and may be an inexpensive means of preventing obesity in overweight adults.”
However, I’m not sure if Thermo Rise O2 contains enough green coffee bean extract to deliver similar results as seen in this study.
Raspberry Ketone (70 mg) has been extensively researched for weight loss, although most conclusive evidence has been from animal studies.
Raspberry ketone increases the secretion of adiponectin, a hormone that regulates adipose tissue. It also inhibits lipid accumulation in adipocytes, thus discouraging the accumulation of fat.
There isn’t enough research on human subjects available to determine a safe dosing range.
Coleus Forskohlii (100 mg) stimulates thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue while decreasing body temperature. It also increases oxygen intake, which makes it an ideal workout enhancer.
Coleus Forskohlii is proven effective at dosage between 1.8-3.5 mg. Thermo Rise O2 contains more than enough to produce noticeable results.
Cordyceps (100 mg) has showed to enhance exercise performance in healthy older subjects. Subjects were given doses of 333 mg 3 times a day for 12 weeks. Results show cordyceps increased the metabolic and ventilator threshold. Cordyceps also has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
Thermo Rise O2 might not contain enough cordyceps to deliver the effects seen in this study.
Caffeine (150 mg) enhances thermogenesis, increasing resting metabolic rate of post-obese volunteers. A dose of 100 mg at 2-hr intervals over a 12-day period showed to have a significant influence on energy balance and fat metabolism. Caffeine also improves nerve impulse transmission and respiratory exchange.
The lowest dose observed to be effective is 333 mg. However, WebMD experts suggest only 2-10 mg per kg body weight daily for performance enhancement. Thermo Rise O2 likely contains enough to deliver some effect.
This product contains two ingredients that might agitate people who are sensitive to stimulants: raspberry ketone and caffeine. The manufacturer of Thermo Rise O2 advises people sensitive to caffeine or other stimulants to avoid this product.
If you experience symptoms such as nervousness, restlessness, rapid heartbeat, headache, jitteriness, shakiness, or increased blood pressure, stop using this product and consult your doctor.
Another good piece of advice for everyone, even those not sensitive to stimulants, is to avoid taking Thermo Rise O2 within 6 hours of bedtime. It will be difficult to fall asleep otherwise.
People Who Bought It
I was unable to locate customer reviews from any site other than the official retailer, GNC.com. These reviews are positive, but I’m concerned they do not tell the whole truth because GNC may be biased toward this product.
“I absolutely love this product. I take it about 30 minutes before my workout. I get extreme energy during my workout and it makes me want to work harder. It makes me sweat like crazy during the workout, which is great because it’s really helping me burn fat and colories. Love Love Love this product!” – Alemelin7
“The Ab Cuts Thermo Rise gave me everything I wanted in one bottle! I take two pills in the morning to start my day and it gives me the energy to last through the workday and did not give me the jitters. I also take two pills before my workouts to help burn my belly fat. I love the fact that it is all natural. I will continue to buy Ab Cuts products. Great thermo!” – Staci1234
If you are able to locate more varied customer reviews, or have experience using this product, please feel free to leave a comment below.
Where to Buy Thermo Rise O2
You can check out the entire line of Ab Cuts Sleek and Lean products by visiting SleekNLean.com.
This site redirects you to the official retailer, GNC.com. Thermo Rise O2 is offered for $59.99. GNC members receive a special price of $47.99.
I also found it for $47.99 at eSupplements.com, LuckyVitamin.com, and DrugStore.com.
The only retailer that allows you to return the bottle for a full money-back guarantee is eSupplements.com. You can arrange this by contacting customer service at CustomerSupport@eSupplements.com, but only if you buy through this retailer.
Is It Worth It?
Thermo Rise O2 contains useful ingredients that seem safe and effective, as long as you practice caution using stimulants. It is likely to give the advertised results of increased energy and weight loss.
Although available customer reviews are all positive, more detailed customer reviews are needed to adequately judge the efficacy of this product, or decide if there’s a risk of unpleasant side effects.
Considering the price tag isn’t staggering, it’s not too risky to buy Thermo Rise O2 and try it. I recommend buying from eSupplements.com, in case you decide to return the product. If you are searching for an energy boost while burning fat, this product might be for you.
 “2008 GNC Vendor Awards.” MuscleAndFitness.com. Available from: http://www.muscleandfitness.com/news-and-features/features/2008-gnc-vendor-awards
 Jean-Michel Gaullier, Johan Halse, Kjetil Hoye, Knut Kristiansen, Hans Fagertun, Hogne Vik, Ola Gudmundsen. “Conjugated linoleic acid supplementation for 1 yr. reduces body fat mass in healthy overweight humans.” Am J Clin Nutr June 2004. Vol. 79 No. 6, pages 1118-1125. Available from: http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/79/6/1118.short
 “Conjugated Linoleic Acid.” WebMD.com. Available from: http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-826-conjugated+linoleic+acid.aspx?activeIngredientId=826&activeIngredientName=conjugated+linoleic+acid&source=1
 Joe A. Vinson, Bryan R. Burnham, Mysore V. Nagendran. “Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, linear dose, crossover study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a green coffee bean extract in overweight subjects.” Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes. 2012; 5: 21-27. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3267522/
 Kyoung Sik Park. “Raspberry Ketone Increases Both Lipolysis and Fatty Acid Oxidation in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes.” Planta Med 2010; 76; 1654-1658. Available from: http://www.radiantnutra.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/Raspberry-ketone-increases-both-lipolysis-and-fatty-acid-oxidation-in-3T3-L1-adipocytes.pdf
 Philip J. Scarpace, Michael Matheny, P.J. Scarpace. “Thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue with age: Post-receptor activation by forskolin.” Pflugers Archiv. January 1996, Volume 4331, Issue 3, pp 388-394. Available from: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02207276#page-1
 Steve Chen, M.D., Zhaoping Li, M.D., Ph.D., Robert Krochmal, M.D., Marlon Abrazado, B.S. Woosong Kin, B.S., and Christopher B. Cooper, M.D. “Effect of Cs-4 (Cordyceps sinensis) on Exercise Performance in Healthy Older Subjects: A Double Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.” The journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, May 2010, 16(5): 585-590. Available from: http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/acm.2009.0226
 So-Young Won, Eun-Hee Park. “Anti-Inflammatory and Related Pharmacological activities of cultured mycelia and fruiting bodies of Cordyceps militaris.” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, volume 96, Issue 3, January 15 2005, pages 555-561. Available from: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874104005148
 A.G. Dulloo, C.A. Geissler, T. Horton, A. Collins, and D.S. Miller. “Normal caffeine consumption: influence on thermogenesis and daily energy expenditure in lean and post-obese human volunteers.” Am J. Clin. Nutr. January 1989, vol. 49 No. 1, pages 44-50. Available from: http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/49/1/44.short
 Costill D.L., Dalsky G.P., Fink W.J. “Effects of caffeine ingestion on metabolism and exercise performance.” Medicine and Science in Sports [1978, 10(3): 155-158] Available from: http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/723503
 “Caffeine.” WebMD.com. Available from: http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-979-caffeine.aspx?activeIngredientId=979&activeIngredientName=caffeine&source=1
 “Raspberry Ketone.” WebMD.com. Available from: http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-1262-raspberry+ketone.aspx?activeIngredientId=1262&activeIngredientName=raspberry+ketone&source=1
Mega-T Sculpt does not explicitly say so, but it seems aimed at women.
The curly script, the focus on burning carbs and fat, and the pink assurance of “clinically effective ingredients” all appeal to a more feminine psyche. Add to that the woman’s seemingly eternal quest for a thinner physique, and Mega-T Sculpt seems like the end of that quest.
Mega-T Sculpt may look appealing, but can the ingredients in the package deliver the slim figure women crave? Let’s delve into the fine print to find out.
What Ingredients Are in Mega-T Sculpt?
Mega-T Sculpt contains 315 mg proprietary blend in each weight-loss capsule. Inside are mystery doses of green coffee extract and other ingredients.
Chromium is the only ingredient presented with dosage information. Mega-T Sculpt contains 200 mcg chromium. Unfortunately, scientific studies have determined chromium has no relationship to weight loss. 
Green coffee extract appears to be the key ingredient in Mega-T Sculpt, if you judge by the giant green letters on the box.
A scientific study showed participants who took 700 mg green coffee bean extract lost weight in 12 weeks. Those who took 1050 mg lost more weight: up to 10 pounds. 
Since green coffee is dose dependent, a larger dose means more weight loss. Mega-T Sculpt contains less than 315 mg green coffee per serving. However, you can take up to 3 servings per day, so the dosage might approach an effective 600 mg.
Caffeine has a thermogenic, or fat burning, effect. Participants in a scientific study who took between 100 and 400 mg caffeine burned more fat than those who did not take caffeine. Caffeine is also dose dependent, so more caffeine burns more fat. 
However, caffeine’s main side effect is what dieters usually describe as the “jitters.” Too much caffeine leaves you feeling wired.
Chokeberry whole fruit contains chemicals that regulate body weight and blood glucose levels. 
Tart cherry whole fruit contains antioxidants that prevent and repair oxidative damage. It also helps muscles recover from stress and aids in more restful sleep. 
Recommended cherry dosages are usually larger (grams rather than milligrams), so I’m not certain if cherries have an effect in the small doses found in Mega-T Sculpt.
Raspberry whole fruit is considered a weight-loss food because of its low calorie and fat content; in a pill, those qualities are less important. Fortunately, raspberries also contain large quantities of vitamin C, which fight oxidative stress. 
Elderberry whole fruit reduces inflammation, has antiviral properties, and boosts the immune system. 
Elderberries are also usually recommended in gram-sized dosages, so there’s little evidence they help on such a small scale.
How Much Weight Will You Lose With Mega-T Sculpt?
Unfortunately, there are no testimonials from women who successfully used Mega-T Sculpt to slip into that little black dress. Mega-T Sculpt is so new there are no consumer reviews available yet.
However, the package lists the reasonable expectations you should have when taking Mega-T Sculpt. To quote the fine print:
“The amount of weight loss that can be attained is related to your starting weight, diet, exercise, activities, age and body frame. Depending on these factors, over a period of time, you can lose up to 5, 10 even 20 lbs. if you follow a proper weight loss diet plan and exercise plan like the ones on our site.”
As you can see, the expectation should be 20 pounds maximum. If that is the range you desire to lose, Mega-T Sculpt is a good option for you.
How Much Does Mega-T Sculpt Cost?
Through retailers like Walgreens and Drugstore.com, Mega-T Sculpt costs $20 for a 45-capsule package. That averages out to 45 cents per capsule.
If you shop around, you can find Mega-T Sculpt on Amazon.com for as little as $14. That’s 31 cents per capsule.
If you follow the recommended dosage of 2-3 capsules per day, you will go through one bottle in 15-20 days, so plan on buying 2 bottles a month for your diet regimen.
Should You Buy Mega-T Sculpt?
Mega-T Sculpt is a perfectly adequate supplement. It follows the fairly standard supplement trend of using proprietary blends rather than clearly marked dosages. It contains possibly reasonable dosages of weight loss ingredients. The fruit extracts don’t appear to have many weight-loss properties, but they are chockfull of antioxidants.
However, without consumer reviews, I am hesitant to recommend this product. I like to see a product receive high marks by a large number of users before I tell readers to go out and buy a bottle. I suggest waiting until more consumers post feedback before making a purchase.
 Yazaki Y, Faridi Z, Ma Y, Ali A, Northrup V, Njike VY, Liberti L, Katz DL. “A pilot study of chromium picolinate for weight loss.” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. Mar 2010; 16(3): 291-9. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20192914
 Volpe SL, Huang HW, Larpadisorn K, Lesser II. “Effect of chromium supplementation and exercise on body composition, resting metabolic rate and selected biochemical parameters in moderately obese women following an exercise program.” Journal of the American College of Nutrition. Aug 2001; 20(4): 293-306. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11506057
 Trent LK, Thieding-Cancel D. “Effects of chromium picolinate on body composition.” Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. Dec 1995; 35(4):273-80. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8776075
 Vinson J, Burnham B, Nagendran, M. “Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, linear dose, crossover study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a green coffee bean extract in overweight subjects.” Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity. 2012; 5: 21-27. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3267522/
 Astrup, A, S Toubro, et al. “Caffeine: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of its thermogenic, metabolic, and cardiovascular effects in healthy volunteers.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 51.5 (1990): 759-767. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2333832
 Huff, Ethan. “Chokeberry extract helps maintain proper weight.” Natural News. Available from: http://www.naturalnews.com/029159_chokeberry_weight.html
 Schor, jacob. “Health Effects of Tart Cherries.” Natural Medicine Journal. 2 Aug 2011. Available from: http://naturalmedicinejournal.com/article_content.asp?article=227
 “Raspberries: Natural Weight-Loss Foods.” Discovery: Fit & Health. Available from: http://health.howstuffworks.com/wellness/food-nutrition/natural-foods/natural-weight-loss-food-raspberries-ga.htm
 “Elderberry.” WebMD. Available from: http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-434-ELDERBERRY.aspx?activeIngredientId=434&activeIngredientName=ELDERBERRY
Official Kardio Fire advertisements feature several pictures of well-toned men who appear to have little to no body fat. These images perform a lot of the work of convincing consumers Kardio Fire reduces body fat with its blend of pre-workout and diet pill ingredients.
Many supplement consumers want to end up looking like the beyond-buff Kardio Fire models, and Kardio Fire’s makers are no doubt appealing to that group with these ads. But, people checking out Kardio Fire might have less drastic fitness goals, simply hoping to get rid of some extra pounds of fat with regular exercise.
Wondering which group, the slightly out-of-shape or the nearly in-perfect-shape, would benefit most from Kardio Fire, I investigated this pre-workout supplement for its weight loss effects.
Who Makes This Supplement?
Panthera Pharmaceuticals is the company behind Kardio Fire. In operation since 2008, Panthera creates supplements designed for “athletes who are seeking to . . . realize goals that cannot be achieved through rigorous training alone.”
From that description, it sounds like Kardio Fire is better suited for intense gym-goers than recently reformed couch potatoes. But, Panthera products are sold at trusted supplement stores like GNC and the Vitamin Shoppe, indicating Kardio Fire comes from a company known for its effective supplements. Consequently, Kardio Fire may be strong enough to enhance weight loss no matter one’s current fitness level.
What Does Kardio Fire Cost?
Price is a major consideration with any diet pill or workout supplement, giving Kardio Fire an advantage over competing products which only fit one of those labels. Technically, Kardio Fire is a pre-workout supplement. But, because it contains common weight loss ingredients, Kardio Fire doubles as both a diet and workout enhancer.
Most places I found Kardio Fire for sale charge $35 for a 35-serving jug. Most diet pills and pre-workout supplements cost between $20 and $60 for a month’s supply.
Someone using both a diet pill and a pre-workout supplement likely spends at least $50 a month on those products. Comparatively, Kardio Fire is an economically sound choice because it combines two purposes in one product. Still, those looking for a more traditional diet pill might dislike that Kardio Fire is only available as a pre-workout drink mix.
Which Ingredients Affect Weight Loss?
Kardio Fire’s formula contains 9 active ingredients, but only 4 are common diet pill ingredients. The research behind these ingredients indicates some are stronger than others at burning fat and promoting weight loss.
At the molecular level, raspberry ketone resembles the stimulant synephrine. This resemblance led scientists to investigate raspberry ketone as a fat cell destroyer, but so far research has only been performed in cell culture and animal models. In one such study, fat cells exposed to raspberry ketone secreted more adiponectin, a hormone related to fat-burning. 
Caffeine stimulates the nervous system to increase thermogenesis and energy expenditure.  But, I wish Panthera revealed how much caffeine is in a Kardio Fire serving because caffeine’s thermogenic effects depend on dosage. 
Citrus aurantium is a bitter orange extract containing the natural stimulant synephrine. This stimulant activates receptors that encourage fat cells to break down and release their stored energy.  Some health professionals question citrus aurantium’s safety because of its similarity to ephedra.  But, research so far reveals no dangerous side effects of citrus aurantium intake. 
Carnitine is an amino-acid like molecule found in muscle tissue where it participates in turning fat into ATP energy molecules.  Because of its role in fat metabolism, carnitine is often described as a thermogenic. However, moderately obese women who took 2 g L-carnitine for 8 weeks didn’t lose weight or fat.  Kardio Fire has less than 2 g L-carnitine per serving, so it probably contributes little to Kardio Fire’s fat-burning effects.
How Should I Use Kardio Fire?
Kardio Fire is intended to be taken 15 to 30 minutes before a high-intensity workout. To make a serving, mix 1 scoop powder with 8 to 16 ounces of water, juice, or a flavored sports drink. Kardio Fire can also be used in the middle of a longer workout to provide additional energy.
Even if your primary goal is weight loss rather than muscle gains, I recommend sticking to an exercise plan when using Kardio Fire. Its fat-burning stimulants promote weight loss, but they’ll work best if you jumpstart the thermogenic effect with exercise.
Also keep in mind Kardio Fire isn’t a great pre-workout supplement for people who work out later in the evening. With both caffeine and citrus aurantium, Kardio Fire might disrupt your sleep schedule if you take it more than 3 or 4 hours before bedtime.
Can Kardio Fire Substitute for a Diet Pill?
Kardio Fire’s fat-burning ingredients aren’t the most impressive I’ve ever seen. But, caffeine and synephrine are reliable thermogenic stimulants, so this pre-workout supplement likely increase fat cell breakdown for most users.
Like any diet pill, Kardio Fire pre-workout supplement supports weight loss best when combined with regular exercise. But, because Kardio Fire is a pre-workout supplement first, I’m guessing people are more likely to incorporate exercise into their lifestyle when using Kardio Fire. If you want to lose weight and get more active, Kardio Fire is a good two-in-one weight loss supplement.
 Park, Kyoung Sik. “Raspberry ketone increases both lipolysis and fatty acid oxidation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.” Planta Medica. 76.15 (2010): 1654-8. Available from: http://www.radiantnutra.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/Raspberry-ketone-increases-both-lipolysis-and-fatty-acid-oxidation-in-3T3-L1-adipocytes.pdf.
 Dulloo, AG, CA Geissler, et al. “Normal caffeine consumption: influence on thermogenesis and daily energy expenditure in lean and postobese human volunteers.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 49.1 (1989): 44-50. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2912010.
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